PERSYARATAN MENGURUS NIK - KEPABEANAN
Customs is the name of a government agency that serves the community in the field of customs / customs and excise in the field. Dutch customs first period often referred to by Customs, in the other countries referred to, douanes, kastam, and others. The name of the customs official with the Directorate General of Customs and Excise, abbreviated DJBC. People often refer to as the customs BC, but regular bus kernet through customs offices often refer to the excise-tax ..
In terms of institutional, DGCE ( Directorate General of Customs and Excise) is headed by a Director General or equivalent echelon unit 1, which is under the Ministry of Finance ( MoF) of Indonesia, as well as the Directorate General of Taxation, the Directorate General of Treasury and others.
Duties and functions DGCE is closely related to the management of state finances, among others picked up the following import duty taxes on imported goods ( import VAT, Income Tax Article 22, PPnBM) and Excise. As we know that the largest income ( often called the reception) to the State Treasury is the tax sector and including the import duty and excise if DJBC managed. In addition, duties and functions is to oversee DGCE export and import activities, oversee the circulation of beverages containing alcohol / Ethyl Alcohol and distribution of cigarettes or other tobacco results. As development time and age, increased customs duties and functions as a trade facilitator, or in other words let the entrepreneurs and traders are not heavy tax payments, then the path delay and the body are given a tax break, but with certain conditions.
more about the customs then we will talk about two different things, that both are authority DGCE Customs and Excise ie.
To further facilitate the discussion I will start with the customs. Customs levies by the state is indirectly to consumers who enjoy / use tax object. Object current excise tax on the excise of tobacco ( cigarettes, cigars, etc.) , Ethyl Alcohol, and Beverages containing ethyl alcohol / liquor. It is interesting when compared with applying malaysia tax on 13 kinds of products. Simply put it is understood that the price of a pack of cigarettes purchased by consumers include the amount of tax already inside. Cover tobacco consumers have to pay excise to the government at the time of purchase tax bands found on cigarette packaging. To restore the tax amount already paid by the factory then add the amount of tobacco excise tax as one component of the selling price of cigarettes.
Philosophy is more complicated imposition of excise tax philosophy and customs. With the government excise hope to prevent the use of tax object to be used freely. This means that the control and supervision of the many outstanding objects and customs that are consumed. The interesting thing is the imposition of excise cement and sugar by the Dutch government during colonial Indonesia. Customs used to control people' s needs in sugar and cement interests of occupiers at that time.
The other side of the imposition of customs in some developed countries is to limit the goods that have a negative impact socially ( pornography, etc.) and health ( tobacco, liquor, etc.) . Another objective is the protection of the environment and natural resources ( beverage packaging, waste etc.) , and reduce or limit the consumption of luxury goods and so on.
An example of neighboring countries is the excessive use of detergents, which have been polluting the river that became the raw material of public drinking water production by government companies. This makes the government the extra costs for drinking water production process is. The government can not raise the price of drinking water because of public resistance to the plan. As a way out, subject to excise tax on all detergent products in the country. In this case, it appears the principle of justice, which increase the cost of water purification process is not charged to consumers of drinking water, but instead charged to each consumer detergent.
Is that the same could be applied in Indonesia beloved country? Apparently, the same principle has been applied to the active smokers. we who did not smoke ( passive smokers) have to bear greater risks, and therefore cigarette excise tax is charged as high. Why bottled mineral water producers are not subject to excise? In fact, the raw materials they use are natural resources which belong postscript of all citizens. Why waste the responsibility of the community? Government should be more responsive in this regard.
Customs in the Customs in English or in Dutch, Duane has a definition that can be found and memorized the dictionary either Indonesian or customs laws, but to memorize the definition, it does not mean that we can understand the meaning contained in the customs said. understand the customs require ( main condition) we understand the export and import activities. Without it is difficult to understand more about the customs. little can I describe the customs said the activities regarding the collection of import duty and import tax, which became associated with DGCE attention especially in Indonesia is why only the import duty levied for exports while there is no duty out? . Philosophy is a collection of import duties to protect domestic industry from the flood of foreign products are imported, the trade language barrier often called the urbanization rates in percent are determined by the state for DGCE collected by each product or imported goods. is for exports in general the government does not collect fees in order to support domestic industries and for government export incentives will provide a refund ( tax restitution) of diekspor.kecuali goods for raw products such as some types of wood, rattan, etc. government export taxes and levies export with the intention of the exporter rather was due to export of finished products and not raw materials or semi-finished, Philosophy taxation on commodity exports is to protect the natural resources of Indonesia.
I will henceforth continue and focus to the import process. for simplification of import activities are described as normal buying and selling process between sellers who are located overseas and buyers who are in Indonesia. It is important in every transaction is a rising import L / C or the letter of credit opened by the buyer in Indonesia through Bank ( Issuing Bank) further overseas sellers will get the money for the price of goods from dinegaranya bank ( correspondent bank) after sending the goods and submit documents related to the delivery of goods and specifications of the item ( the bill of lading ( BL) , Invoicedsb) these documents by the bank correspondet sent to the Issuing bank is diIndonesia for the ransomed by the importer. documents now held by the importer is used to take goods sent by the seller. at this stage of the import process can not be completed because the importer said to have not received the goods.
imported goods are usually transported by means of ships transporting cargo ships ( cargo) and international will only be docked at ports the government official, in this instance I choose Tanjung Priok ( Jakarta) where most of Indonesia' s import activities conducted. many processes to go through until the end of a tool carrier ( cargo ship) to dock and unload dipelabuhan ( imports) . ( for loading or unloading said I had a pretty interesting experience in which one of the officers from government agencies to question the word " demolition" but after I explained then understood that the term " demolition" is not the goods are broken down by each of the packaging is opened, but it only term expenditure container / pallet kepelabuhan transport facilities, officers no unpacking DGCE from the container if there' s no order for inspection.) but here I will not discuss it because it is related to the administrator of the port ( adpel) under the authority of the Department of Transportation, especially transportation sea where the technical process my paperwork was not competent enough to discuss it. after the imported goods are unloaded they will be placed temporary storage place ( container yard) please note that the storing of goods in this area subject to rent for the use spacenya ( demorage) . all these processes do not involve the agency DGCE because it is located outside the authority. whether the import process has finished? . the answer is not because the importer / owner of the goods has not got the goods.
returned to the Bank ( Issuing Bank) , after the bank receives the import documents from a bank in the exporting country corresponden the importer must take these documents to pay L / C that he had opened. in other words, an importer must pay for these documents because the bank has cover the importer when the bank pays the exporter when handed the document. after finishing the paperwork is now time for importers to take goods to the importer document has been obtained from the bank ( B / L, invoice, etc.) .
to take things so importers are obliged to make notifications Import Goods ( PIB) is that in terms of import notifications referred to as the customs or customs documents and the invoices, B / L, COO ( certificate of origin) , known as complementary customs documents. without PIB the imported goods can not be taken by the importer. PIB' s how the management process. PIB was made after importers have complementary customs documents such as B / L, etc., as previously described importers to take the document through a bank, so if the banks are foreign banks that have been on-line with the maintenance of computer DGCE PIB can be made at the bank. principle of taxation in Indonesia is a self-assessment as well as in the process of making this PIB, PIB form found on the banks that have been on-line computer and filled DGCE after paying import duties to the bank just waiting for the importer of the goods arriving to submit the necessary documents to DJBC especially to the office where the goods DGCE services are in the service area, to the port of Tanjung Priok is Main Service Office ( KPU) Customs and Excise Type A Tanjung Priok. after completing PIB and importers pay import duties and ( import levies) tax-import tax at the bank, the bank will notify the DGCE the on-line on PIB and settlement arrangements duties and import taxes. in this stage are only waiting for DGCE importers submit for processing PIB, PIB delivery of the program has grown to such an extent that importers who have imported or module has been connected to the computer system can give PIB DGCE is electronic ( electronic data interchange EDI system = system) so that in the process there is no physical interaction between importers with DGCE officer, the future of all imports will be directed to use this system for safety and efficiency considerations, so that the emerging EDI stalls ( sort of a special cafe to take care of importation) around the port that will assist importers who have not import module or not the on-line connected to the computer system DJBC.
process of import expenditures depend on the type of imported goods themselves, especially for imported goods from plants and animals will pass through quarantine inspection ( quarantine period) is essential to prevent disease and things that do not chill it in terms of health and such kekarantinaan worth checking consumption or not, time expired, etc., for meat imports must have a Certificate of origin in order to know where it came from, is also generally permissible for sertikat commodity consumption.
would need to also note that the goods routing system implemented by DGCE in the import process. The third line was originally categorized by the application of risk management based on the profile importer, type of commodity goods, track record and the information contained in intelligence databases DJBC. routing system also uses automation system so that very small possibility of intervention by the officers DGCE in determining the pathways of certain goods. there are 3 ( three) routing, which is technically not I will explain here.
the point is; first special priority lane for importers who have a very good track record, for the importers of this type of expenditure things done automatically ( automation systems) that are priorities in terms of service, supervision in terms of the importers of this type of system will be subject to Post Clearance Audit ( PCA) and occasionally at random by the computer system will be established to apply a physical examination. The second point is the green line, the line is intended for importers with good track records in terms of commodities and imports are low risk ( low risk) to the two lines had a physical examination of goods would still be with certain basics such as random sampling affected by the system, The results of the Memorandum of Intelligence ( NHI) which indicated the existence of the things that require further examination of the goods. The last is a red line ( red channel) is a general point that applies to new importers, importers who have long records of special, high-risk importers because of track record is not good, certain types of controlled commodities the government, using the term customs services Company PPJK broker or Customs Clearance Service ( roughly the word " Service bureau" or " brokers" ) , etc.. This point needs a more intense supervision therefore performed a physical examination of goods. physical examination can be 10% , 30% and 100% .
more about other DGCE task is to follow the rules of other institutions deposit as from the Ministry of trade, department of industry, agriculture department, health department, department of defense, etc.. all the rules of this deposit be mandatory to implement because DGCE DGCE are agencies that keep the gate of the archipelago. the essence of the deposit rules are for efficiency and effectiveness, is not possible if each of the relevant authorities conduct themselves any regulations related to export / import, can imagine the bureaucracy that must be passed by each exporter / importer in conducting its activities, if any agency carrying out their own governance commercial they charge. www.beacukai.go.id